The rise in militancy runs in opposition to the tide of peace-building that started within the early 2000s, as New Delhi sought to construct stronger ties between Kashmir and mainland India. Below Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the earlier prime minister from the ruling Bharatiya Janata Get together (BJP), New Delhi careworn the idea of Kashmiriyat (or Kashmiri id), looking for to reassure the area that the Indian authorities will protect its distinctive tradition. In 2006, Vajpayee’s successor, Manmohan Singh, launched a program for the return of Kashmiri Hindus and Sikhs who had fled within the Nineties, providing them jobs within the valley. In due time, violence declined: In 2001, greater than 1,000 civilians had been killed in numerous militant assaults. By 2013, that determine got here all the way down to lower than 20, in accordance with the South Asia Terrorism Portal.