Killings dedicated since Nov. 1, 2011, when the Philippines joined the ICC, are throughout the ICC’s jurisdiction, together with these in Davao Metropolis. Duterte’s efforts to evade ICC prosecution shields him and different officers solely from killings after March 2019, when the withdrawal took impact. However Alia’s sons have been killed in 2001, 2002 and 2007, whereas Duterte was mayor. Lugay was killed in September 2020. All are outdoors the ICC’s jurisdiction.